Gwer local government which derives its name from Gwer River, was created in 1976 out of Makurdi local government with its headquarters at Aliade. It has a population of 115,118 (1991 census). It is bordered by Makurdi in the North-East, Gboko in the East, Konshisha in the Southeast, Obi and Oju in the South, Otukpo in the Southwest; and Gwer West in the West. The local government has 14 council wards.
Naturally, Gwer local government is endowed with mineral resources which can be effectively tapped by investors. There is salt deposit at Mbayom in Nghohov District. This salt deposit is locally exploited and baked for local consumption. Clay deposit is found in Akpachi District in large commercial quantity. As for now, the clay deposit is exploited locally for molding of pots which alternate for cooking utensils. Some of these are also used for serving dishes and interior decoration for homes.
The rich and fertile soil in the local government enables the production of agricultural produce such as soybeans, cassava, beniseed, groundnuts, rice, yams and citrus which can provide sufficient raw materials for agro-allied industries in the area. There is also a gigantic factory located in the local government known as Taraku Mills which produces variety of products namely Golden soya: pure soybeans oil, Royal: high quality corn oil, Choice: high quality repressed oil, Benolina: Finest Corn flour and Beniseeds: Animal feeds concentrates. The location of the factory was based on the agricultural resources of the area especially soybeans and related raw materials which are produced in the area in large quantities. The local of Taraku Mills in the local government area provided additional prospects for investors in animal and husbandry.
Major revenue sources from which the local government generates its internal revenue include taxes, rates and fees collected from major markets in the local government. These markets include: Ullam,Akpagher, Moi-Igbo, Ikon, Mase, Aliade, Igbor and Ikpayongo. The headquarters of the local government area is situated at a strategic position with trunk ‘A’ road passing through it to the North and South of the Country thereby making it easily accessible. The present administration is making arrangement to open up rural feeder roads to make them motorable through the year. This will no doubt ease mobility and attract investments. Electricity will soon be available in major towns of the local government when work is completed on the National grid. This will enhance water supply at Taraku Mills and also provide electricity to supply new industries. The local government has some tourism centers. This include Ikwe wildlife part and Holiday Resort at Ikwe near Igbor.