The geo-political entity called Katsina-Ala local government came into being in 1970, along side two others from the then Tiv Native Authority, with headquarters at Katsina-Ala. It has since then undergone series of political restructuring, the most recent being the last state and local government creation exercise in October 1996 which resulted in the carving out of Logo local government out of it. Kwande and Ukum local government areas were also carved out of Katsina-Ala local government during the previous state and local government creation exercises.
Katsina-Ala local government lies some 126 km away from Makurdi, the state capital in the eastern part of the North and Northeast respectively, Takum/Ussa (Taraba state) to the East, Kwande and Ushongo local government to the South and Southwest respectively and Buruku local government to the west. The local government lies in the Guinea Savannah vegetation while the eastern portion consists of undulating hills with shrubs. Annual rainfall ranges between 159 mm, 180 mm. Prominent geographical features in the area are River Katsina-Ala, the Harga Hills of Igneous Rock, River Yooyo, Loko and Lake Aketa. Like most parts in Nigeria, there are two main seasons here. These are the rainy season which last from April to October and dry season which starts from November and lasts till March.
Katsina-Ala local government area is essentially inhabited by the Tiv people with scores of other ethnic groups like the Hausas and Etules who are found mostly in big settlements and the eastern bank of river Katsina-Ala respectively. It has a population of about 158,473 (1991 census) distributed into twelve wards.
The people of Katsina-Ala local government have a rich cultural heritage commonly expressed through their famous cultural dances such as Gbasela, Takera, Agbaga, Kwagh-hir among others. Other areas where the people’s culture is splendidly displayed are marriage ceremonies, festive occasions such Christmas when the masquerades entertain members of the public.
The people of Katsina-Ala local government area are mainly farmers. Over 75% of the population engage in agriculture. Agriculture is therefore the mainstay of the economy of this local government, blessed with fertile soil, good rainfall and good drainage system. Almost all the crops grow well in this climatic zone. These include yams, soghum, cassava yellow melon etc. Traditional farm tools like hoes, matchets and cutlasses are used in cultivating the soil. As an agrarian society, commercial activities in the local government revolve round agricultural produce. Major items of trade include yams, rice, groundnuts, soya beans, cassava flour, maize etc. Major commercial centers in the local government are Katsina-Ala town market, Gbor, Amaafu, Tor-Donga, Abaji, Sai, Harga, Mbaton and Gbise. These markets attract traders from far and near who take advantage of abundance of these produce and their relatively cheaper prices to make brisk business all year round. A visit to any of these markets explains why Katsina-Ala local government is usually referred to as home of agriculgure.
The local government holds bright prospects for tourist development. In the meantime, the Aketa fishing festival and Katsina-Ala river beach picnic are most known tourist attractions in the area. Katsina-Ala town can boast of hotels like, the Mandate Camp Bethel Holiday Resort, Benue Concord, Spring Rose Guest House, Semen Hotel etc. What usually hampers business investment in an area is lack of basic infrastructures that one needs to live comfortably such as water, electricity, good roads and effective communication systems. All these are readily available in Katsina-Ala local government area including the federal highway from Ogoja through Katsina-Ala to Makurdi the state capital. These infrastructures provide ample opportunity for investment in various business ventures.