Gboko is one of the largest and populous local government in Benue State. It has a landmass of 2,264 sq. km with a population of 298,387 people (1990 Census). It is bounded by Tarka Local Government on the North, Ushongo local government to the South, Buruku local government on the East, Gwer on the West and Konshisha Local Government on the South West. It lies in the Savannah region of Nigeria with typical Savannah vegetation and climate.
The local government has seventeen (17) council wards, each of which is represented in the council by a councilor. This local government is richly blessed with abundant natural and human resources, limestone deposits cut across the whole span of land with the one at Tse-Kucha being exploited as raw materials for Benue Cement Company for the production of Lion Brand Portland cement since 1980.
There are also large quantities of granite stones at the Mkar and Ikyuen Hills. Alluvia clay abounds in the area particularly at Ikpa, Mbatierev. This is used for the production of earthenware and other ceramics. Barite has just been discovered to exist in commercial quantities in Yandev and is being utilized.
Gboko town has modern facilities. It has a good network of trunk ‘A’ and feeder roads that traverse the whole local government area. Its electricity supply is from the national grid. It is on the telecommunications network. It also has a modern water supply system drawing its water from River Katsina-Ala at Buruku. The water is good for drinking and commercial purposes. These infrastructural facilities provide a solid enabling environment for investments to harness the available agro-allied and mineral resources available in the local government.