Guma local government was created out of the then Makurdi local government of Benue state in May 1989. The local government derives its name from River Guma, which traverses the local government from the Northwest and flows into Northern bank of River Benue. It is situated on the Northeastern part of Benue State with a landmass of 240,000 sq. km. It shares common boundaries with Tarka and Logo local government areas in the East, Makurdi local government area in the South while Doma local government area of Nasarawa State lies in the West. Gbajimba town, headquarters of the local government area has a strategic location as it is situated at the confluence of two big rivers of the state. River Benue and Katsina-Ala.
The main occupation of the people of Guma local government is farming. The local government is endowed with large expanse of fertile land both in the hinterland and along the valleys of rivers within the local government. The Tiv people are by this natural endowment noted for the substantial cultivation of seasonal foods which include yams, cassava, maize, millet, groundnuts, soybeans, guinea corn, white and yellow mellon (egusi). Special mention has to be made here that Guma local government produces more than three quarters of the total yellow (egusi) mellon produced in the country.
The main producing areas are Uvir and Mbadwem districts. In spite of the large productions of these crops in the local government area, there are virtually no agro-allied industries in this area for the processing of these food items. Great opportunities therefore exist for investors in this area for agro-allied industries as well as fish preservation and processing industries given the abundant fish produced from River Benue and the confluence of rivers Benue and Katsina-Ala. Already, the local government is one of the chosen local governments in the state by the UNDP for the Artisanal fish programmes.
Guma local government is endowed with a lot of natural resources that have for ages remained commercially untapped. These include salt deposits at Tse-Taavaan and Kaseyo, Alluvial clay at the same Tse-Taavaan, zinc deposits at Kaseyo, barites at Hungwa Dabu and gypsum in Uvir, Saghev, Ndzorov and Mbadwem districts. These mineral deposits provide investment opportunities, especially with basic infrastructures already on ground. These include a network of roads and water routes through rivers Benue and Katsina-Ala. A trunk ‘A’ road traverses the western part of the local government. This is the Makurdi – Jos road. The Makurdi – Gboko road, another trunk ‘A’ road has a long stretch through the local government. This is the Makurdi – Jos road. The Makurdi – Gboko Road, another trunk ‘A’ road has a long stretch through the local government. The Abinsi – Wukari Road is trunk ‘B’ and passes through a large portion of the local government. The Makurdi – Daudu – Gbajimba and Makurdi – University of Agric. Gbajimba are the two major roads linking the local government headquarters with the state capital and the rest of the world.
Also, electricity supply is provided at such settlement towns like Agasha, Abinsi and Daudu. Gbajimba, the local government headquarters is not linked to electricity but NEPA has awarded contract for the electrification of Gbajimba town and when the 132 kv project is completed, Gbajimba too will be hooked to the national grid. With these basic infrastructures, the local government looks sets set for industrial take off.
Guma local government has a number of internal revenue sources. These internal revenue sources include motor parts and market fees, ground rent, abattoir/slaughter, liquor/tourism license, local food hotel license, hair dressing/barbing salons, forestry exploitation, hawkers permit, permit to fell trees, tractor hiring services, fishery, contractors registration fees, bicycle license, mini-engine canoe license, certification of state origin, dispensary/clinics license, property tax, miscellaneous revenue, barite, motor cycle license, fees from animal (i.e. cattle). These major revenues are derived from major markets like Gbajimba, Tyulen, Udei, Daudu, Yelewata,Abinsi, Agasha, Uikpam, Kaseyo, Umenger,Ginde, Tomatar to mention just a few.