Obi local government was created on the 1st October 1996. It was carved from the former Oju local government and derives its name from River Obi, which runs through the length and breadth of the local government area. Since its existence for the past five years, it has continued to maintain an atmosphere of peace and tranquilly. It is no wander then that it is popularly referred to by many people as “Home of Hospitality”. It has a population of 60,637 (1991 census).
Obi local government is predominantly inhabited by Igede people of Ito descent. However, it hosts residents from across the country. It is made of twelve (12) council wards.
It has an undulating flat land with River Obi traversing the length and breath of the local government area. The local government area also has a vegetation cover characteristic of Middle Belt guinea Savannah. The rain season starts from April and lasts till October; while the dry season starts from November through March.
The local government is located at the South Central part of Benue State. It is bounded in the North by Gwer local government, East by Konshisha local government, West by Otukpo, Southwest by Ado and South by Olu local government respectively.
The people of Obi local government are predominantly farmers. The major crops produced in the area include rice, yams, cassava, groundnut, beniseed etc. It is not an exaggeration that these crops are produced in commercial quantities and attract patronage from all over the country.
Obi local government is also fortunate to be part of a geographical formation with a lot of mineral deposits. A feasibility study conducted in the area discovered the presence of the several mineral deposits in different locations of the local government area. It is therefore to be noted that the local government has industrial potentials that are only waiting to be tapped.
At the moment, the local government can boast of the renowned Igede-Agba, a yam festival which is celebrated on every first Ihigile market in the month of September annually. The occasion is usually marked with colorful celebrations and it attracts indigenous, national and international tourists. The council intends to create more tourists centers in the local government, in addition to the existing ones.
In order to expand the revenue base of the local government from the current market fees from the eight existing markets, the local government is committed to some investments. The local orchard at Ijegwu is amongst the investment areas of the local government, including, tractor hiring units and the agro land development at Ojegbe. It is hoped that these efforts would generate sufficient additional internal revenue that would be used to open up the local government for more investments in addition to the existing small making industry, traditional cloth weaving, garri processing industry, pottery industry, wood carving industry and blacksmithing industry. The products of these small industries have a lot of patronages from across the country.